For the years 2022-2026, the World Bank has launched a new five-year Country Partnership Framework (CPF) for Ghana. Human capital, job creation, economic diversification, establishing a resilient health system, and developing a greener and more inclusive society are all priorities for the CPF.
In the last 30 years, Ghana has made a significant economic and social improvements. It was upgraded to middle-income rank in 2011 as a result of robust, consistent economic growth, which has averaged over 5% since the early 1990s. This was aided by a stable democracy and fueled in part by gold and cocoa exports, as well as the discovery of significant oil and gas reserves.
It met the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG), which was to reduce poverty from 52.7 percent in 1993 to 23.4 percent in 2005. (2016). However, in recent years, the rate of poverty reduction has slowed, and inequities persist in some places, particularly in the country’s northern regions.
Ghana’s COVID-19 and medium-term development agenda will be supported by the CPF. Enhancing Conditions for Private Sector Development and Quality Job Creation; Improving Inclusive Service Delivery, and Promoting Resilient and Sustainable Development are three mutually reinforcing key areas. A cross-cutting theme will be maximizing the benefits of digital transformation. The World Bank, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency collaborated on the $4.5 billion CPF (MIGA).
“The World Bank Group is happy to support Ghana’s economic recovery plan. The CPF is aligned with Ghana’s Coordinated Program of Economic and Social Development Policies and will support the Government of Ghana in creating a competitive environment for the private sector to flourish and play a greater role in job creation, particularly for youth,” said Pierre Laporte, World Bank Country Director for Ghana, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
“The World Bank Group, through the CPF, will also support policies and programs that aim to strengthen digital transformation for improved service delivery and productivity, improve governance, and promote greater inclusion, including strengthening women’s economic empowerment.”
The social and economic impact of the COVID-19 crisis has been significant. Ghana was one of the earliest countries in Africa to announce social distancing measures, including school closures and canceling of mass gatherings, complemented by aggressive testing and recently a strong vaccination program. These measures – while saving lives – came at a heavy economic cost in the immediate term. The CPF will address the immediate as well as medium-term implications of the COVID-19 crisis in line with the Ghana Coronavirus Alleviation and Revitalization of Enterprises Support program and lay a path on how the World Bank, IFC, and MIGA, will leverage their relative strengths to partner with Ghana for stronger development outcomes.
“IFC will continue to work closely with the Government of Ghana and the private sector to provide investment and advisory services for expanding access to finance for micro, small, and medium enterprises, enhancing agribusiness growth and productivity, and supporting Ghana’s sustainable industrialization for secure jobs,” said Kyle Kelhofer, IFC Senior Country Manager for Benin, Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
“The CPF focuses on improving the investment climate and enacting regulatory reforms. Succeeding in these reforms would be critical for accelerating private sector development,” said Merli Baroudi, MIGA’s Director of Economics and Sustainability.
The CPF will move towards larger and more cohesive and transformational interventions, potentially across multiple sectors, that align closely to strong government programs and with greater use of results-based financing, where appropriate. It is designed to be flexible, especially during its early years of implementation, with an early review of progress to accommodate needed changes for a post-COVID-19 recovery.